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第55-56课_The Sawyer family

作者:新概念英语;来源:www.xgnyy.com  学习人数:
上一篇:第53-54课_An interesting climate     下一篇:第57-58课_An unusual day

 

  Lesson 55   The Sawyer family索耶一家人

  Listen to the tape then answer this question. When do the children do their homework?
  听录音,然后回答问题。孩子们什么时候做功课?

  The Sawyers live at 87 King Street.
  索耶一家住在国王街87号。

  In the morning, Mrs Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school.
  早上,索耶先生去上班,孩子们去上学。

  Their father takes them to school every day.
  父亲每天送孩子们去上学。

  Mrs Sawyer stays at home every day. She does the housework.
  索耶夫人每天呆在家里。她料理家务。

  She always eats her lunch at noon.
  她总是在正午吃午饭。

  In the afternoon, she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together.
  下午,她总是会见她的朋友。她们经常在一起喝茶。

  In the evening, the children come home from school. They arrive home early.
  傍晚,孩子们放学回家。他们到家很早。

  Mr Sawyer comes home from work. He arrives home late.
  索耶先生下班回家。他到家很晚。

  At night, the children always do their homework. Then they go to bed.
  晚上,孩子们总是做作业,然后去睡觉。

  Mr Sawyer usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television.
  索耶先生总是读报纸,但有时和他的妻子一起看电视。

  New Word and expressions生词和短语
  live
  v. 住,生活

  stay
  v. 呆在,停留

  home
  n. 家;
  adv. 到家

  housework
  n. 家务

  lunch
  n. 午饭

  afternoon
  n. 下午

  usually
  adv. 通常

  together
  adv. 一起

  evening
  n. 晚上

  arrive
  v. 到达

  night
  n. 夜间
 

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1 the Sawyers是指索耶一家。在英文中,姓氏后面加-s,前面加定冠词the,用来指一家人,特别是丈夫和妻子。
  2 go to school 上学,请注意school前不带任何冠词。
  3 at noon指“正午”,也叫midday。请注意本课中表示时间的不同短语:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening, at noon/night。
  4 They arrive home early.
  在本句中home和early都是副词,下文中的home和late也是副词。
  5 at night 在夜里
 

  Lesson 56   What do they usually do?他们通常做什么?


  Lesson 55-56   自学导读First things first

  课文详注Further notes on the text
  1.go to work, 上班。
  由动词 go引导的短语课文中还有:go to school(上学), go to bed(上床睡觉)。请注意 work, school以及 bed之前不带任何冠词。

  2.stay at home, 呆在家里。
  与 stay home在意思上相差无几。前者中的 home是名词,后者中的home是副词。

  3.do the housework, 料理家务。
  housework是不可数名词。请比较:do the homework(做作业)。

  4.at night, 在夜里。
  如果说某日夜里,则用介词 on:
  on the night of June 2      在6月2日的夜里


  语法  Grammar in use
  一般现在时(2)
  (请参见第47-48课_A cup of coffee语法部分。)
  一般现在时用于表示一个习惯动作、有规律的行为以及永恒的现象。一般与时间频度副词和时间短语连用。这些时间短语有:
  every day/week/month/year 每日/周/月/年
  in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上
  at noon/night 在正午/夜里
  第3人称单数的谓语动词需加以变位,这可分为几种情况:
  (1)直接加 -s,如:
  come----comes
  arrive----arrives
  (2)以 -sh, -ch, -o 以及 -s结尾的动词加 -es,如:
  wash----washes
  go----goes
  watch----watches
  do----does
  (3)以辅音加 -y结尾的动词,把 -y改成 -i,再加 -es;而元音加 -y结尾的动词,只加 -s即可:
  hurry----hurries
  carry----carries
  play----plays
  stay----stays


  词汇学习  Word study
  1.arrive  v.
  (1)到达;到来:
  We arrived home early.
  我们很早就到家了。
  The train is expected to arrive in London at 8. 20 p. m.
  火车预计在晚上8点20分抵达伦敦。
  (2)(时间等)来临;(婴儿)出生:
  At last the day of graduation arrived.
  毕业的那一天终于来临。
  Elizabeth's baby arrived at midnight.
  伊丽莎白的婴儿是在午夜时分降生的。

  2.live  v.
  (1)居住;生活:
  Frank lives in Paris.
  弗兰克居住在巴黎。
  Where do you live?
  你住在哪儿?
  (2)活;生存:
  Fish can't live long out of water.
  鱼离开水活不了多久。
  My grandmother lived until she was 94.
  我祖母活到了94岁。
  (3)过生活;享受生活乐趣:
  At 40 he was just beginning to live.
  他到40岁才刚刚开始过上富有意义的生活。
  You haven't lived till you've been to Paris.
  你没到过巴黎就算不上享受过生活。
  (4)靠……生活(by/on):
  He lives by playing the violin.
  他靠拉小提琴为生。
  He lives on the fortune left to him by his father.
  他靠他父亲给他留下的财产生活。

  3.stay  v.
  (1)呆在,停留:
  Mrs. White stays at home every day.
  怀特太太每天都呆在家中。
  (2)逗留;暂住:
  We were staying at the same hotel.
  我们住在同一家饭店。
  (3)持续;保留:
  The house has to stay exactly as it was.
  这所房子必须完全保持原来的样子。

 

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