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第57-58课_An unusual day

作者:新概念英语;来源:www.xgnyy.com  学习人数:
上一篇:第55-56课_The Sawyer family     下一篇:第59-60课_Is that all?

 

  Lesson 57   An unusual day很不平常的一天

  Listen to the tape then answer this question. What is Mr. Sawyer doing tonight?
  听录音,然后回答问题。索耶先生今晚正在做什么?

  It is eight o'clock.  The children go to school by car every day, but today, they are going to school on foot.
  现在是8点钟。孩子们每天都乘小汽车去上学,而今天,他们正步行上学。

  It is ten o'clock.  Mrs Sawyer usually stays at home in the morning, but this morning, she is going to the shops.
  现在是10点钟。上午,索耶夫人通常是呆在家里的,但今天上午,她正去商店买东西。

  It is four o’clock. In the afternoon, Mrs Sawyer usually drinks tea in the living-room, but this afternoon, she is drinking tea in the garden.
  现在是4点钟,下午,索耶夫人通常是在客厅里喝茶,但今天下午,她正在花园里喝茶。

  It is six o’clock. In the evening, the children usually do their homework, but this evening, they are not doing their homework. At the moment, they are playing in the garden.
  现在是6点钟。晚上,孩子们通常是做作业,而今天晚上,他们没做作业。此刻,他们正在花园里玩。

  It is nine o’clock, Mr. Sawyer usually reads his newspaper at night, but he is not reading his newspaper tonight. At the moment, he is reading an interesting book.
  现在是9点钟。索耶先生通常是在晚上看报,但今天晚上他没看报。此刻,他正在看一本有趣的书。

  New Word and expressions生词和短语
  o'clock
  adv. 点钟

  shop
  n. 商店

  moment
  n. 片刻,瞬间


  Notes on the text课文注释
  1 It is eight o'clock.现在是8点钟。在英语中常用it来指时间、天气、温度或距离。这种it被称作"虚主语"。
  2 by car,乘汽车。on foot,步行。这两个状语短语均用来表示方式。
  3 at the moment.指眼前,“此刻“。

  Lesson   58 What's the time?几点钟?


 

  Lesson 57-58   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.by car, 乘汽车。
  by(乘坐)表示"乘坐(某种交通工具)",但它必须与动词连用。表交通工具的名词前不加冠词:
  by boat  乘船
  by bus  乘公共汽车
  by plane  乘飞机
  by sea  乘船

  2.on foot, 步行。

  语法  Grammar in use
  一般现在时与现在进行时
  一般现在时表示一般的动作或不断重复发生的动作;现在进行时表示说话时正在发生的动作,动作还没有完成。简单图示如下:


  一般现在时表示永久的情况;进行时表示暂时的情况。请比较:
  Jane works very hard most of the time.
  简大多工作努力。
  Jane is working hard today.
  简今天工作很努力。
  His parents live in Rome.
  他父母住在罗马。
  He’s living with some friends now.
  他现在与一些朋友们住在一起。

  进行时只用于表示动作或偶尔发生的事件(We are eating, it is raining等等)。有些动词(如 like, want, know等)不是动作动词,因此不能用进行时态,如不能说 I am knowing或We are liking,而只能说 I know或 We like。
  一般现在时表达某个习惯性动作,通常与时间频度副词连用,如 usually, always, often, sometimes, never等;现在进行时表示此时此刻正在进行的动作,一般与 now, at the moment, today, this afternoon, this evening, tonight等连用。如:
  We usually watch television at night. But we are listening to the stereo tonight.
  我们通常晚上看电视。但是今晚我们正在听立体声节目。


  词汇学习  Word study
  1.play
  (1)v. 玩,做游戏:
  The children are playing in the garden.
  孩子们正在花园里玩耍。
  (2)v. 参加(体育活动、比赛等):
  Let's play chess!
  咱们来下棋吧!
  He likes playing basketball.
  他喜欢打篮球。
  (3)n. 玩耍;娱乐:
  All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
  只工作而不娱乐会使人变呆的。

  2.cook
  (1)v. 烹调;煮,烧:
  She cooked a lovely meal for her husband.
  她为丈夫做了一顿美餐。
  The beef is not cooked enough.
  牛肉煮得不够熟。
  (2)n. 厨子,炊事员:
  Tom works as a cook in a local restaurant.
  汤姆在当地的一家餐馆当厨子。
  My dad is really a good cook.
  我爸爸烹调手艺特棒。


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