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第73-74课_The way to King Street

作者:新概念英语;来源:www.xgnyy.com  学习人数:
上一篇:第71-72课_He’s awful     下一篇:第75-76课_Uncomfortable shoes

 

  Lesson 73   The way to King Street到国王街的走法

  Listen to the tape then answer this question.Why did the man need a phrasebook?
  听录音,然后回答问题。为什么这位男士需要一本常用语手册?

  Last week Mrs Mills went to London. She does not know London very well, and she lost her way.
  上星期米尔斯夫人去了伦敦。她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。

  Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus-stop. “ I can ask him the way.” She said to herself.
  突然,她在公共汽车站附近看到一个男人。“我可以向他问路,”她想。

  “Excuse me,” she said.“Can you tell me the way to King Street please?”
  “对不起,您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?”她说。

  The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English!  He spoke German. He was a tourist.
  这人友好地笑了笑。他不懂英语!他讲德语。他是个旅游者。

  Then he put his hand into his pocket, and took out a phrase-book.
  然后他把手伸进了衣袋,掏出了一本常用语手册。

  He opened the book and found a phrase. He read the phrase slowly.
  他翻开书找到了一条短语。他缓慢地读着短语。

  “I am sorry,” he said. “ I do not speak English.”
  ”很抱歉,“他说,”我不会讲英语。”

  New words and Expressions生词和短语
  week
  n. 周

  London
  n. 伦敦

  suddenly
  adv. 突然地

  bus stop
  公共汽车站

  smile
  v. 微笑

  pleasantly
  adv. 愉快地

  understand (understood)
  v. 懂,明白

  speak (spoke)
  v. 讲,说

  hand
  n. 手

  pocket
  n. 衣袋

  phrasebook
  n. 短语手册,常用语手册

  phrase
  n. 短语

  slowly
  adv. 缓慢地

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1 ...and she lost her way.  …因此她迷路了。
  句中的and当"所以"讲,表示结果。
  2 she said to herself  她心中暗想。

  Lesson 74   What did they do?他们干了什么?



  New words and expressions生词和短语

  hurriedly
  adv.匆忙地

  go
  v.走

  cut
  v.割、切

  greet
  v.问候,打招呼

  thirstily
  adv.口渴地
 

  Lesson 73-74   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text
  1.She does not know London very well. 她对伦敦不很熟悉。
  know…well这一短语意为"对……了解"。又如:
  I don't know him very well.
  我不太了解他。

  2.…and she lost her way.    …因此她迷路了。
  句中的 and当"所以"讲,表示结果。 lose one's way, 迷路。

  3.ask(sb.) the way, (向某人)问路。

  4.say to oneself, 心中暗想。
  注意:talk to oneself意为"自言自语地说"。

  5.Can you tell me the way to King Street, please? 您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?
  tell sb. the way(to), 告诉某人(去……的)路。

  6.cut himself= cut his face。
  以整体代替部分是英语中的一种修辞格,叫提喻(merism )。

  语法  Grammar in use
  1.副词
  副词(adverb)这个词的本意是补充动词的意义。这就是许多副词的作用。它们可以通过修饰动词告诉我们有关句中某个动作的情况,也就是告诉我们某事是如何、何时、何地等发生或进行的。
  副词可以是单个的词(如 slowly)或词组(如 very well)。单一副词既有以-ly结尾的也有不以-ly结尾的(如 quickly,  fast)。
  形容词向副词的转换一般遵循3个规则:
  (1)在形容词后面直接加-ly,如:
  quick----quickly
  hurried----hurriedly
  pleasant----pleasantly
  warm----warmly
  (2)以-y结尾的形容词,则把-y改成-i,再加-ly,如:
  thirsty----thirstily
  happy----happily
  (3)形容词与副词形式相同:
  late----late
  fast----fast
  hard----hard
  well----well

  2.部分不规则动词的过去式形式
  go----went
  see----saw
  understand----understood
  take----took
  read----read
  drink----drank
  run----ran
  know----knew
  say----said
  put----put
  cut----cut
  eat----ate
  meet----met
  come----came
  lose----lost
  tell----told
  speak----spoke
  find----found
  give----gave
  swim----swam
  have----had


  词汇学习  Word study
  1.lose  v.
  (1)迷失;(使)迷路:
  She did not know London very well, and she lost her way.
  她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。
  It's very easy to lose your way in a strange city.
  在一个陌生的城市里,你很容易迷路。
  (2)失去;丧失:
  He lost his sight in a car accident.
  他在一起汽车交通事故中失明了。
  She has just lost her job because of carelessness.
  她刚刚因疏忽大意而丢了工作。
  (3)遗失;丢失:
  I can't enter my house because I've lost my key on my way home.
  我进不了自己的房子,因为在回家的路上我把钥匙丢了。
  We lost her in the crowd.
  我们在人群中找不见她了。

  2.understand  v.
  (1)理解;懂:
  He doesn't understand English and you can try French.
  他不懂英语,你可以试试法语。
  I don't understand what you mean.
  我不明白你的意思。
  (2)明了;了解;得知:
  How the machine works is still not fully understood.
  这台机器到底是如何运转的仍未被完全弄清楚。
  Only today have I begun to understand the political
  situation in Northern Ireland.
  直到今天我才了解了北爱尔兰的政治局势。


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